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EPA Says Formaldehyde Causes Cancer

Grayson_Lynn_COLORBy E. Lynn Grayson


EPA announced the release of the draft Toxicological Review of Formaldehyde – Inhalation Assessment in the June 2, 2010 Federal Register. EPA found that the chemical, present in a wide variety of consumer products, causes cancer when inhaled. The new findings also conclude that formaldehyde could be up to five times more likely to cause cancer in people than the EPA calculated in 1989 when it classified the chemical as a probable human carcinogen. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that U.S. residents typically are exposed to daily formaldehyde concentrations of 10 ppb to 30 ppb indoors. By comparison, EPA’s draft assessment proposes candidate reference concentrations for this chemical ranging from 4 ppb to 9 ppb. 

The Formaldehyde Council, Inc. (“FCI”), a non-profit association that represents the leading producers and users of formaldehyde in the U.S., disagrees with EPA’s findings in the draft report. FCI plans to submit additional comments detailing the industry’s position and welcomes the further review to be conducted by the National Academy of Sciences.

EPA seeks public comments on this draft assessment through July 31st. EPA has scheduled a public listening session that will be held on July 27th.